Monday, September 19, 2011

A Great Basic Pizza Crust Recipe

With my adequate amount of confidence in baking, I used to assume making my first homemade pizza would be easy if I follow a recipe strictly but I was wrong...

For my first pizza, I was using a Pizza Caprese recipe by the Australian Gourmet Traveler. According to the recipe, I used a can of well-drained diced tomatoes as my pizza base topping and the pizza base turned out to be soggy. It was then quite a disappointment for me.

As my "pizza-baking adventure" progresses, I found this fantastic pizza base recipe. This pizza base is pre-baked before the addition of toppings. This recipe is cleverly designed and precisely written in the way that the baking schedule of this pizza can be very flexible to suit all different baker's needs.

Here's some tips that I would like to share from my pizza baking:

- Use tomatoes paste or pesto instead of can tomatoes. Pesto is great for extra flavours.

- When I made my first few pizza bases, I didn't like the look of my stretched and irregular-shaped pizza and so, I used the rolling pin to roll the dough instead. Using this recipe, I had another attempt of pulling and stretching the pizza base to its right size and this one turned out to be ok as it has a second proving time of 90 min to puff up to its right thickness and size.


Here's the recipe from King Arthur Flour.
(with my modification in blue)

2 tsp active dry yeast or instant yeast
7/8 to 1 1/8 cups lukewarm water* (I use 1 1/8 cup water)
2 tbsp olive oil
3 cups King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
(in a combination of Italian OO and bread flour in a ratio of 1:4)
1 1/4 tsp salt
*Use the lesser amount in summer (or in a humid environment), the greater amount in winter (or in a dry climate), and somewhere in between the rest of the year, or if your house is climate controlled.

If you're using active dry yeast, dissolve it, with a pinch of sugar, in 2 tbsp of the lukewarm water. Let the yeast and water sit at room temperature for 15 min, until the mixture has bubbled and expanded. If you're using instant yeast, you can skip this step.

Combine the dissolved yeast (or the instant yeast) with the remainder of the ingredients. Mix and knead everything together—by hand, mixer or bread machine set on the dough cycle—till you've made a soft, smooth dough. If you're kneading in a stand mixer, it should take 4 to 5 min at second speed, and the dough should barely clean the sides of the bowl, perhaps sticking a bit at the bottom. Don't over-knead the dough; it should hold together, but can still look fairly rough on the surface.

To make pizza up to 24 hours later, skip to step 5.

To make pizza now: Place the dough in a lightly greased bowl, cover the bowl, and allow it to rise till it's very puffy. This will take about an hour using instant yeast, or 90 min using active dry. If it takes longer, that's OK; just give it some extra time.

To make pizza later: Allow the dough to rise, covered, for 45 min at room temperature. Refrigerate the dough for 4 hours (or for up to 24 hours); it will rise slowly as it chills. This step allows you more schedule flexibility; it also develops the crust's flavor. About 2 to 3 hours before you want to serve pizza, remove the dough from the refrigerator.

Decide what size, shape, and thickness of pizza you want to make. This recipe will make one of the following choices:

Two 1/2"-thick 14" round pizzas (pictured);
Two 3/4"-thick 12" round pizzas;
One 3/4" to 1"-thick 13" x 18" rectangular (Sicilian-style) pizza (pictured);
One 1 1/2"-thick 9" x 13" rectangular pizza;
One 1"-thick 14" round pizza.

Divide the dough in half, for two pizzas; or leave it whole for one pizza.

If you're making a rectangular pizza, shape the dough into a rough oval. For a round pizza, shape it into a rough circle. In either case, don't pat it flat; just stretch it briefly into shape. Allow the dough to rest, covered with an overturned bowl or lightly greased plastic wrap, for 15 minutes.

Use vegetable oil pan spray to lightly grease the pan(s) of your choice. Drizzle olive oil into the bottom of the pan(s). The pan spray keeps the pizza from sticking; the olive oil gives the crust great flavor and crunch.

Place the dough in the prepared pan(s). Press it over the bottom of the pan, stretching it towards the edges. You'll probably get about two-thirds of the way there before the dough starts shrinking back; walk away for 15 min. Cover the dough while you're away, so it doesn't dry out.

When you come back, you should be able to pat the dough closer to the corners of the pan. Repeat the rest and dough-stretch one more time, if necessary; your goal is to get the dough to fill the pan as fully as possible.

Allow the dough to rise, covered, till it's noticeably puffy, about 90 min (if it hasn't been refrigerated); or 2 to 2 1/2 hours (if it's been refrigerated). Towards the end of the rising time, preheat the oven to 450°F.

Bake the pizza on the lower oven rack till it looks and feels set on top, and is just beginning to brown around the edge of the crust, but is still pale on top. This will take about 8 min for thinner crust pizza; about 10 to 12 min for medium thickness; and 12 to 14 min for thick-crust pizza. If you're baking two pizzas, reverse them in the oven (top to bottom, bottom to top) midway through the baking period.

To serve pizza immediately: Remove it from the oven, and arrange your toppings of choice on top. Return to the oven, and bake on the upper oven rack for an additional 10 to 15 min, until the crust is nicely browned, both top and bottom, and the cheese is melted. Check it midway through, and move it to the bottom rack if the top is browning too much, or the bottom not enough.

To serve pizza up to 2 days later: Remove the un-topped, partially baked crust from the oven, cool completely on a rack, wrap in plastic, and store at room temperature. When ready to serve, top and bake in a preheated 450°F oven, adding a couple of min to the baking times noted above. Your goal is a pizza whose crust is browned, and whose toppings are hot/melted.

Remove the pizza from the oven, and transfer it from the pan to a rack to cool slightly before serving. For easiest serving, cut with a pair of scissors.

Note: Using half the recipe, I made one 1/2"-thick 14" round pizza and had 1 tbsp of tomato pesto, 1 cup of grated mozzarella cheese and 100g salami as toppings for this pizza.

Happy Baking
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  1. Wow. cool. I'm so glad that you shared your experience with all of us.Mine turned soggy too and I did not try after it. Let me give this a try.

  2. Lots of baking recipes on this blog, which I like very much! I smiled at your first pizza making experience and remembered my early experiments in the kitchen too. This pizza you made looks amazing, I must also try pre-cooking my dough before adding the toppings :-).

  3. Zoe, I love pizza!! yours sounds so yummy!!!
    Have anice week

  4. Love this pizza, can see so much salami & mozzarella on it! My boys sure love this :)

  5. ive been thinking of making pizza bases in the past few days too coz of the warmer weather (thus shorter proofing time). thx for sharing this recipe, ive only ever used one before which also turned out good. mb ill give this a try too :D

  6. I never made pizza crusts ,this recipe and step by step proces and preparations,its make me want to try,Thanks for sharing :)

  7. You have great recipes on your blog. That extreme brownies is pretty extremely and appealing - chocolate and cocoa together! I've noticed that pizza dough gets even better after a few days in the fridge.

  8. zoe, thanks for sharing this recipe. yeah, it's not that easy to roll it to the edges of the pan but from what i read, you have no difficulty doing that, i shall keep this recipe for reference too!

  9. Homemade pizza sounds absolutely wonderful right now. Yours looks like it turned out great this time!

  10. I looked at KAF site yesterday for a good pizza dough recipe. Somehow I missed this one. Had to go with another one that wasn't the best.
    Thanks for sending the recipe my way!

  11. Yup! My kids will be very happy when I make them this! Great recipe :)

  12. Yum! I love pizza. I'm looking forward to trying this, it's always nice to have new recipes for old favorites!

  13. Hi Zoe,
    I've made this crust from KAF before! Most recipes I've read, you would need to stretch and rest the dough a couple of times until it fills the pan. It takes a lot of patience! And I like to bake the crust too before adding in the topping for further baking! Your pizza sounds good. Looking forward to bake some soon :)

  14. This is so mouth-watering. Just look at the topping!

  15. Hey,Zoe!really thanks a lot of sharing all these points on making pizza. Really helpful to us!

  16. If at first you don't succeed... Glad you tried again. This looks great!

  17. This pizza look amazing and yumm!! Love it! gloria

  18. I love home made pizza. Need to have a go at your base recipe soon. A partially baked base is definitely the way to go. Nothing worse than a soggy bottom !

  19. Pizza is a favorite here, especially when my kids are home. This looks like a great recipe! :)

  20. This looks delicious! Who doesn't love a good pizza...nice crust recipe!